All roads once led to this ancient city, which showed European civilization to the world. One of them is the National Museum of Rome, sometimes called the Museum of Term, because it so happened that its main exposition from the collection of Circheriano, since 1890, has occupied several rooms of the ancient term of Diocletian.
In 1990, the museum was significantly expanded and besides the term, its expositions occupied 3 more buildings in the center of Rome, which already had their historical names - the Crypts of Balba, the Palazzo Massimo and the Palazzo Altemps. The central building - the baths of Diocletian, is located near the Republic Square. Here are historical inscriptions on the walls of the ancient building, many sculptures and other artifacts left from the Carthusian monastery, which once occupied part of the territory of the term.
At the beginning of the XX century. The museum’s collection was replenished with exhibits from the villa of the Ludovisi family. Among them, the Greek throne of Ludovisi V century. BC e. and 104 more ancient sculptures. These exhibits, as well as a collection of Egyptian art from the collection of Mattei and El Drago, are now exhibited in the Palazzo Altemps.
The history of Rome is represented in the crypt of Balba, discovered on the ruins of a theater dating back to the time of Emperor Augustus dating back to 13th. Excavation materials are exhibited here, as well as later Roman copies of the famous sculptures Diskobol, the Greek sculptor Miron, as well as the statues Ephebus and Dionysus. IV c. e.
On four floors in the huge halls of the magnificent Palazzo Massimo building, built at the end of the 19th century. as an example of an aristocratic, baroque palace, a collection of jewels and coins of the medieval and antique periods is exhibited. Expositions with the immortal creations of ancient sculptors are replaced by frescoes from the villa of Libya, mosaics from the villa of Farnesin and other artifacts. Over fifty sarcophagi of the pagan and Christian periods and one of the greatest historical values of Rome - the Altar of Romulus and Remus are exhibited here.
Recently, the Palatine Museum has also been included in this complex’s guidebook in Rome, which also contains many archaeological finds found on the Palatine Hill or the Emperor’s Hill, but there’s clearly not enough time to visit the entire museum complex, even though the ticket Valid for 3 days.