The Fall - Hugo van der Gus. C. 1480
On one part of this diptych, supposedly written after 1479, van der gus gives his interpretation of the fall of Adam and Eve, on the other - depicts the mourning of Christ, and generally sets up the viewer to reflect on human sin and the sacrifice necessary for his atonement.
Garden of Eden, in the center of which we see the carefully written Tree of the knowledge of good and evil, is a traditional image of a verdant paradise. The iris and catchment growing in front of Adam and Eve are flowers that are associated with the Virgin Mary and the Holy Spirit. Thus, the picture shows a hint of their future role in saving the sinful human race from the consequences of eating the forbidden fruit. According to the misogynistic medieval concept of Falsehood, the serpent is given the body of a lizard and a female head. His exquisite hairstyle (a trait inherent in corrupt women) contrasts with Eve's loose hair.
ADAM AND EVE. According to the Old Testament, God created Adam from the dust of the earth in his own image and likeness and breathed life into him. He then placed Adam in the Garden of Eden, forbidding the fruits from the Tree of Knowledge. God created Eve from Adam's rib so that she would be his wife. The serpent persuaded Eve to know good and evil by tasting the forbidden fruit; Eve, in turn, convinced Adam to try this fruit. At that moment, their eyes opened and, having been ashamed, they covered their nakedness with fig leaves. In punishment for original sin, God expelled Adam and Eve from Eden.
Creation, temptation and the fall of Adam and Eve were popular subjects in the visual arts of the Middle Ages and the Renaissance, because with their help it was possible to express the need of people to atone for their sins through Christ. Pictures on these topics were often created in cycles.